Persecution of Jews
Introduction
The »Anschluss Pogrom«
The »Aryanizations«
# The Expulsion
November Pogrom
Until the Onset of the Deportations
Robbery of the Last Belongings
Jewish Community
Resistance
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On March 18, 1938, the office of the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde (Jewish commu-nity) was shut down and the officials in attendance were arrested. Concurrently, Adolf Eichmann, who at the time was in charge of Jewish affairs at the Security Service, arrived in Vienna. At that point, the National Socialist rulers still aimed at forcing as many Jews as possible to emigrate. It was Eichmann’s idea to gather all authorities concerned with emigration under one central roof. The Israelitische Kultusgemeinde and the most important Zionist organizations were expected to procure foreign currency and entry visas. As a result of the stringent limitations on immigration imposed by the Western and overseas countries, this was a difficult task.

Headed by Eichmann, the Central Office for Jewish Emigration was set up in Vienna in 1938, whose purpose it was to manage and enforce the expulsion of the Austrian Jews. Those Austrian Jews forced to emigrate were allowed to take with them apart from a few personal belongings just the amount of money necessary to obtain an entry permit into the future country of immigration; the entire remaining property was confiscated in favor of the German Reich.


 
more information according to this article: 1938: Jewish Mass Escape and Expulsion
more information according to this article: Expelled Science, Art, and Culture
more information according to this article: Gestapo and Police
more information according to this article: Exile and Resistance

 
Jews stand in line for passports
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Jews stand in line for passports in front of the Margareten district police station, March 1938.

Central Office for Jewish Emigration in Vienna
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People waiting at the Central Office for Jewish Emigration in Vienna (»Zentralstelle für jüdische Auswanderung«).


The Expulsion